Photovoltaic industry leaders define priorities for the coming years: smarter policy support, more forward-thinking power market design, technical integration of PV into the electrical system, increased focus on industry innovation.
Saving energy is becoming ever more important for manufacturing companies. One prerequisite is to capture the machines' energy consumption for each step in the production process. This can be achieved with a monitoring system developed by Fraunhofer FIT that, due to its service-oriented architecture and its ability to use heterogeneous sensors, can easily be integrated in existing facilities.
The cost of enzymes, pre-treatment and fermentation have fallen significantly, but cellulosic biofuels still have some way to go to reduce project capital expenditure if they are to be competitive with corn-based ethanol and with gasoline.
The European Bioenergy Research Institute (EBRI) at Aston University has won 'Best Technological Breakthrough' for its innovative bioenergy technology, which transforms multiple waste products into cost effective heat and power.
The energy produced by solar panels, be it heat or electricity, has to be used right away. It is hard to store and preserve and also its transportation can be rather complicated. Creating solar cells capable of producing energy in an easily storable and transportable way, that is to say fuel, is therefore the future challenge of solar energy.
Using the power of the sun and ultrathin films of iron oxide (commonly known as rust), researchers have found a novel way to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. The breakthrough could lead to less expensive, more efficient ways to store solar energy in the form of hydrogen-based fuels.