New research suggests that even if carbon-dioxide emissions came to a sudden halt, the carbon dioxide already in Earth's atmosphere could continue to warm our planet for hundreds of years. Thus, it might take a lot less carbon than previously thought to reach the global temperature scientists deem unsafe.
Swiss chemist Michael Graetzel, noted for his discovery of a new solar cell that's easier and less costly to produce than silicon-based cells, has won the first $50,000 Leigh Ann Conn Prize for Renewable Energy from the University of Louisville.
TUM CREATE presents an electric taxi for use in tropical megacities at the 43rd Tokyo Motor Show. EVA showcases a new super-fast charging system recharging the battery within 15 minutes, a range of 200 kilometers and an individual air conditioning. As the first university in the world, TUM presents electric vehicle concepts for different climate zones.
An international team of researchers has synthesized a new material that stores an unusually large amount of hydrogen. Performing high-pressure X-ray studies at DESY's PETRA III and other light sources, the scientists detected the formation of previously unobserved iridium hydride at a pressure of 55 gigapascals, corresponding to approximately 550,000 times the Earth's atmospheric pressure. The new material can store up to three times more hydrogen than most other metal hydrides.
Scientists initiated the RELHY project to overcome the challenges of integrating currently in-use solid oxide electrolyte cells (SOECs) into industrially-relevant efficient, cost-effective and durable stacks. The research and development team focused on optimisation of cell materials and innovative SOE stack designs.
The development of combustion engines is under increasingly stringent constraints with regard to fuel efficiency and emissions. Advanced modelling tools will help meet performance objectives starting from the early phases of design.
The 'Resource and cost-effective integration of renewables in existing high-rise buildings' (COST-EFFECTIVE) project developed five new facade components and systems. Each system was customised according to the building under consideration, taking into consideration size, wind load and safety barrier function.
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories will use their expertise in protein expression, enzyme engineering and high-throughput assays as part of a multiproject, $34 million effort by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) aimed at developing advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation.
Researchers show for the first time that one of the most abundant methane-producing microorganisms on Earth makes direct electrical connections with another species to produce the gas in a completely unexpected way.
Securing affordable energy supplies, changing the energy mix towards a more sustainable and renewable portfolio, as well as providing energy to those who currently have no access ranks high on the global agenda. In order to discuss these issues as part of Swiss Re's 150-year anniversary event series 'connecting generations', Swiss Re organised a small conference entitled 'Meeting the energy challenge'.