In order to successfully convert biomass into fuel, researchers have developed a roadmap of chemical reactions. Each of these reactions requires either a different catalytic material or a different set of reaction conditions to work effectively.
A new cost-effective polymer membrane can decrease the cost of alkaline batteries and fuel cells by allowing the replacement of expensive platinum catalysts without sacrificing important aspects of performance, according to Penn State researchers.
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory has published a report on the land use requirements of solar power plants based on actual land-use practices from existing solar facilities.
Researchers for EU-funded project GLOBAL-IQ ('Impact Quantification of Global Changes') are contributing to the debate by assessing the socio-economic impacts of climate change on society. They will also evaluate the costs and benefits of possible mitigation and adaptation strategies.
In 2012, wind energy became the number one source of new U.S. electricity generation capacity for the first time - representing 43 percent of all new electric additions and accounting for $25 billion in U.S. investment.
Researchers describe a novel process to cut down on heat loss during the winter and keep buildings cool during the summer. Their 'bio-inspired approach to thermal control for cooling (or heating) building window surfaces' calls for attaching optically clear, flexible elastomer sheets, bonded to regular glass window panes.
The overall aim of the EU-funded CLIMSAVE project, ('Climate change integrated assessment methodology for cross-sectoral adaptation and vulnerability in Europe'), is to help in the assessment of the impact of climate change over a range of environmental and economic areas in different regions.