Of the tools used to study material structures at the atomic and molecular scales, there is none finer than Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and its daughter technology Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Now, the latest development from the research group of one of the word's foremost authorities on NMR/MRI technology promises NMR/MRI results that are better and faster than ever before - a million times faster!
Researchers at Queen's University have discovered how molecules in glass or plastic are able to move when exposed to light from a laser. The findings could one day be used to facilitate medicinal drug distribution by allowing doctors to control the time and rate at which drugs are delivered into the body. The drugs, in a solid plastic carrier, could be released through the body when exposed to light.
Foreign material in the human body, such as implants for hip and knee joints, can be enhanced by ongoing biotribologisk research on lubrication, abrasion and friction. Researchers at Lulea University of Technology can reduce the frequency of painful hip operations and reduce healthcare costs by their research.
The EU is proud to announce that two of its grantees, Professor Konstantin Novoselov and Professor Andre Geim of the University of Manchester in the UK, have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their groundbreaking work in two-dimensional graphene.
In a major boost for X-ray science and accelerator physics, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has committed about $109 million to Cornell's continued operation of an X-ray synchrotron facility, as well as to develop a new kind of X-ray source that promises to revolutionize the field.
Superconductivity, the flow of electrons without resistance, is typically suppressed by magnetic fields, which disrupt the intricately choreographed electron motion. Theoretical physicists at Cornell, working with experimental physicists at Rice University, have carefully engineered a system in which these conflicting properties are believed to put aside their differences.
Physiker wollen Nano-Motoren auf die Spur kommen. Vom 10. bis zum 13. Oktober 2010 treffen sich 45 internationale Experten der Nano-Physik im Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg Delmenhorst, um neueste Forschungsergebnisse auszutauschen.
The U.S. Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has awarded UCLA's Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science $6 million to support the construction of the new state-of-the-art Western Institute of Nanotechnology on Green Engineering and Metrology.
An international team of scientists has discovered nanosize diamonds in the Greenland ice sheet. The diamonds, which number in the trillions and are so tiny that they can only be observed with special, highly magnifying microscopes, add credence to the controversial hypothesis that fragments of a comet struck North America and Europe approximately 12900 years ago.
Contrary to popular belief, modern technological materials such as shape memory alloys that are increasingly used in a wide range of medical devices and implants are entirely biocompatible and should not induce health problems, according to a European team of scientists.