Researchers have developed a rigorous two-dimensional quantum model of the 'gate-all-around' nanowire configuration, leading to a better match with experimental data and highlighting the importance of quantum effects.
A collaboration between researchers at Northwestern University's Center for Catalysis and scientists at Oxford University has produced a new approach for understanding surfaces, particularly metal oxide surfaces, widely used in industry as supports for catalysts.
Using arrays of long, thin silicon wires embedded in a polymer substrate, a team of scientists from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has created a new type of flexible solar cell that enhances the absorption of sunlight and efficiently converts its photons into electrons.
Computational modeling tools developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology could accelerate development of a new type of membrane technology that will boost the efficiency of energy-related gas separations.
An international team headed by researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light has used polarized light - light waves which oscillate in a particular plane - to design a simple model for a quantum physical random walk.
Researchers led by Dirk Trauner, a chemist at the University of Munich, have figured out the mechanism by which molecules with the ability to block voltage-gated ion channels can be turned on and off repeatedly by light.