Energy now lost as heat during the production of electricity could be harnessed through the use of silicon nanowires synthesized via a technique developed by researchers with the Berkeley Lab and the University of California at Berkeley. The far-ranging potential applications of this technology include DOE's hydrogen fuel cell-powered 'Freedom CAR,' and personal power-jackets that could use heat from the human body to recharge cell-phones and other electronic devices.
Scientists at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute have developed the world’s first gene detection platform made up entirely from self-assembled DNA nanostructures. The results could have broad implications for gene chip technology and may also revolutionize the way in which gene expression is analyzed in a single cell.
Students participating students in the Future City Competition this year will have to write an essay on the subject 'Keeping Our City Infrastructure Healthy: Using Nanotechnology to Monitor City Structures and Systems.'
NISE (the Nanoscale Informal Science Eductaion) Net has identified March 29–April 6, 2008, as the dates for NanoDays, a week of community-based educational outreach events to raise public awareness of nanoscale science and engineering. NISE Net will provide basic materials and facilitation to support the planning of these events in local communities across the United States.
Scientists have only been able to take naturally occurring materials so far when it comes to their physics and chemical properties. What they do in their natural form is simply what they do. They can't do any more by themselves, though compounds combining several different materials have been used to extend base abilities. Now, scientists are finding out that through nano construction processes, they can custom build new materials that don't naturally occur in nature, with some amazing properties.
Were you soaked in last summer's heavy rainstorms? John Simpson, a senior research scientist at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, has developed a new super-water-repellent coating that might make a dismal British summer more bearable.
The Center for Nanophase Materials Science at Oak Ridge National Laboratory was the first of five federally funded nanoscience research facilities to come into being within the past couple of years, and it's also been the busiest.
Engineers and researchers designing and building new microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) can benefit from a new test method developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to measure a key mechanical property of such systems: elasticity. The new method determines the Young's modulus of thin films not only for MEMS devices but also for semiconductor devices in integrated circuits.
Two EU-funded projects have been pushing the limits of chip miniaturization, trying to make complementary metal-oxide semiconductor chips (CMOS) even smaller than they already are. While the NanoCMOS project, which was completed in 2006, helped develop 45 nanometer (nm) node semiconductors, its follow-up project NANOPULL is aiming at 32nm and ultimately 22nm features.
There is plenty of innovation in micro- and nanotechnologies, but bringing new devices to market is often prohibitively expensive. Many micro devices have small production volumes, while design, packaging and testing are costly. Now European researchers are breaking down the barriers by developing design methodologies that focus on manufacturing, packaging and testing.
Dr Melanie Webb from the Surrey Ion Beam Centre at the University of Surrey will be giving a presentation on security and crime prevention using nanotechnology at the Royal Society conference on January 17.