One of the four International Balzan Prizes 2007, which have a prize fund of CHF 1 million ($1.2 million), is to be awarded for research in the area of nanoscience to Sumio Iijima, Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan.
International team of scientists proposes new ultramicroscope for nanostructures, allowing for the direct and non-invasive measurement of ultrafast processes on attosecond timescales with high spatial and temporal resolution.
The Born-Oppenheimer Approximation is ubiquitous in molecular physics, quantum chemistry and quantum chemistry. However, Chinese Academy of Sciences researchers recently observed a breakdown of the Approximation in the reaction of fluorine with deuterium atoms.
Every irregularity no matter how small must disappear: Polishing silicon wafers for solar cells and computer chips demands the greatest precision. Until now, wafers could only be inspected after polishing. A new polishing tool continuously monitors the process.
Shaking and tapping is often the only way to get the last drop of ketchup out of the bottle. But in future, even this final drop will slide out easily onto the barbecued steak - thanks to a special nanocoating on the packaging.