Providing insight into a frustrating inconsistency in the performance of electronics made with organic materials, Stanford researchers have shown that the way boundaries between individual crystals in a film are aligned can make a 70-fold difference in how easily current, or electrical charges, can move through transistors.
The Swiss-Japanese partnership supports scientists in both countries when carrying out medical research. ETH researcher Takashi Ishikawa's project demonstrates the benefits of this. Researchers can now apply again with new projects.
Argonne National Laboratory have refined a technique to manufacture solar cells by creating tubes of semiconducting material and then 'growing' polymers directly inside them. The method has the potential to be significantly cheaper than the process used to make today's commercial solar cells.
Purdue University researchers are making progress in developing a new type of transistor that uses a finlike structure instead of the conventional flat design, possibly enabling engineers to create faster and more compact circuits and computer chips.
Sensors, communications devices and imaging equipment that use a prism and a special form of light -- a surface plasmon-polariton -- may incorporate multiple channels or redundant applications if manufacturers use sculptured thin films.
Clemson University is part of a five-year $3 million Air Force Office of Scientific Research award, along with the University of Texas at Dallas and Yale University, to search for nanoscale materials that superconduct to allow for efficient flow of a current.
ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute), Taiwan's largest and one of the world's leading high-tech research and development institutions, introduces STOBA (self-terminated oligomers with hyper-branched architecture), the first material technology to enhance the safety of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries.
n work that someday may lead to the development of novel types of nanoscale electronic devices, an interdisciplinary team of researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has combined DNA's talent for self-assembly with the remarkable electronic properties of carbon nanotubes, thereby suggesting a solution to the long-standing problem of organizing carbon nanotubes into nanoscale electronic circuits.
These reports were published as part of the Nanotechnology Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Program, which is managed by Safe Work Australia for the Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research.
With the support of a $2.7 million Recovery Act grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) an interdisciplinary team headed by Vanderbilt chemist John McLean and physicist John Wikswo will attempt to determine whether an individual's white blood cells retain chemical memories of exposure to drugs like cocaine and alcohol that can be read reliably and unambiguously.
Researchers at the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science at Northwestern University have developed, characterized, and modeled a new kind of probe used in atomic force microscopy (AFM), which images, measures, and manipulates matter at the nanoscale.
Two European consumer organisations - the European Consumers' Organisation (BEUC) and the European consumer voice in standardisation (ANEC) - have jointly launched a first stab at a nanotechnology inventory to tell consumers which products on the EU market contain nanomaterials.
The Advisory Committee on Hazardous Substances to the United Kingdom's Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), in a 'Report on Nanosilver' has recommended to British government agencies that they gather information about products containing nanosilver, saying that the information on both the hazards of and exposure to nanosilver is urgently required.