A University of Arkansas physics professor will create and explore novel interface-controlled materials at the nanoscale to explore their physical properties, many of which are not attainable in bulk materials. His research in this area earned him a $410,735 CAREER award from the National Science Foundation to continue the research, which was cited by Science magazine as one of the top 10 breakthroughs of 2007.
Non-contact position sensors are small but important parts of many modern machines. Researchers have used a phenomenon known as magnetoresistance to develop a practical, low-cost position sensor that performs better than existing designs. Commercial production will follow this year.
The energy from sunlight falling on only 9 percent of California's Mojave Desert could power all of the United Statesā?? electricity needs if the energy could be efficiently harvested, according to some estimates. Unfortunately, current-generation solar cell technologies are too expensive and inefficient for wide-scale commercial applications. A team of Northwestern University researchers has developed a new anode coating strategy that significantly enhances the efficiency of solar energy power conversion.
More than 30 scientific and technical papers based on research conducted at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering of the University at Albany will be presented next week at one of the world's leading conferences focused on the global nanoelectronics industry.
Scientists of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) achieved to transfer very small charge 'packets', comprising a well-defined number of few electrons, between metallic electrons precisely by using a single-electron pump.
Leading suppliers of materials for rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing are finding that nanoparticles can dramatically alter the properties of finished components. Paul Stevens from engineer LIVE looks at what is available on the market and how another nanotechnology-based process is enhancing the properties of parts built from standard materials.
A new electron microscope recently installed in Cornell's Duffield Hall is enabling scientists for the first time to form images that uniquely identify individual atoms in a crystal and see how those atoms bond to one another. And in living color.
The next generation of aeroplanes and spacecraft could be made from materials inspired by seashells and pearls, according to researchers in Switzerland. By mimicking the structure of nacre, better known as mother of pearl, the scientists believe they can create strong and flexible components that are perfect for advanced aerospace applications.
IBM scientists, in collaboration with the University of Regensburg in Germany, are the first ever to measure the force it takes to move individual atoms on a surface. This fundamental measurement provides important information for designing future atomic-scale devices: computer chips, miniaturized storage devices, and more.
The electrons in nanoparticles of noble metal oscillate together apace with the frequency of the light. This phenomenon can be exploited to produce better and cheaper solar cells, scientists at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden have shown.