Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers have demonstrated a way to sustain high supercurrents in wires in the presence of a large applied magnetic field ? a step which could greatly expand practical applications of superconductors.
AIST in Japan has succeeded in the development of a nano-fabrication technique utilizing a thermal lithography method resulting from the combination of visible-light lithography using a semi-conductor laser with a thermally nonlinear material.
Research to be carried out at the University of Leicester will develop silver nanoparticles, in a form which can play a significant role to play in combating MRSA, Cystic Fibrosis and AIDS, as well as the treatment of wounds.
Being able to hear the smallest of noises is a matter of life or death for many insects, but for the scientists studying their hearing systems understanding how insect ears can be so sensitive could lead to new microphones able to capture and analyse extremely faint sounds.
A Duke University engineering group is doing pioneering work at very diminutive dimensions. Their basic studies could lead to genetically engineered proteins that can form e.g. erasable chemical detectors.
A rapid method for detecting and identifying very small numbers of diverse bacteria, from anthrax to E. coli, has been developed by scientists from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Using probes originally designed to detect and image topographical features on surfaces, scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have demonstrated the ability to initiate and spatially localize chemical reactions on the submicron scale.
Using a simple, commercial microwave oven, chemists have developed a new method for the synthesis of nanomaterials that can control the dimensions and properties of rods and wires that are just one billionth of a meter in size.