Researchers have developed a technology that allows a material to automatically read its environment and adapt to mimic its surrounding. The system is inspired by the skins of cephalopods, a class of marine animals which can change coloration quickly, both for camouflage and as a form of warning.
Scientists have discovered that bacterial nanowires (which conduct electricity, allowing certain bacteria to breathe) are actually extensions of the bacteria's outer membrane - not pili, as originally thought.
Neurotransmitters play an important role in the communication of nerve cells. Major details of the processes involved have been unclear until recently. Scientists have now shed light on these processes by using a new technique.
Rochester Institute of Technology scientists are the recipients of a new research grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to study the lifecycle environmental impacts of fullerene-based materials - a form of engineered nanomaterials used in solar cells, drug delivery systems and cosmetics.
Resin coatings are widely used in various sectors, like the aeronautical and automotive sectors, and in the structural components of aircraft and vehicles, in particular. Researchers have used carbon nanotubes to improve the properties of these coatings.
The physical properties of the ultra-white scales on certain species of beetle could be used to make whiter paper, plastics and paints, while using far less material than is used in current manufacturing methods.