Researchers for the first time have applied a modern theory of heat transport in experiments with semiconductors used in computers and lasers, with implications for the design of devices that convert waste heat into electricity and the control of overheating in miniaturized and high?speed electronic components.
Chemists have developed novel porous materials called 'covalent organic frameworks', which provide a basis for the design of polymeric photocatalysts with tunable physical, chemical and electronic properties.
The revolution of computational materials design is in the making, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has taken a firm step toward achieving it by creating the Midwest Integrated Center for Computational Materials (MICCoM) at DOE's Argonne National Laboratory.
Physicists have developed a method to synthesise a unique and novel type of material which resembles a graphene nanoribbon but in molecular form. This material could be important for the further development of organic solar cells.
Scientists have measured the behavior of specific atoms in dielectric materials when exposed to an electric field. The work advances our understanding of dielectric materials, which are used in a wide variety of applications - from handheld electronics to defibrillators.
Scientists found that bringing proteins back to life is not only possible, but can be carried out with an improvement over their original activity. This strange phenomenon owes to a new technique of protein renaturation based on combining thermally denatured proteins (carbonic anhydrase) with a colloid solution of inorganic aluminum oxide nanoparticles.
Scientists have achieved a major milestone in simulating the dynamics of condensed-matter systems - such as the behavior of charged particles in semiconductors and other materials - through manipulation of carefully controlled quantum-mechanical models.