Pre-lithiated multiwalled carbon nanotubes and activated carbon materials were used as anode and cathode respectively for Lithium-ion capacitors (LICs). The pre-lithiatiation was performed using internal short circuit approach. The LIC showed excellent supercapacitor performance.
Physicists have searched for deviations from standard quantum mechanics, testing whether quantum mechanics requires a more complex set of mathematical rules. To do so a research team designed a new photonic experiment using exotic metamaterials. Their experiment supports standard quantum mechanics and allows the scientists to place bounds on alternative quantum theories.
By careful synthesis of ultrafine layered structures or superlattices, built from layers of lead titanate and strontium titanate, researchers discovered they could create electrical spirals, called polar vortices, similar to the rotating vortices observed in magnetic systems.
Researchers have made a significant step toward breaking the so-called 'color barrier' of light microscopy for biological systems, allowing for much more comprehensive, system-wide labeling and imaging of a greater number of biomolecules in living cells and tissues than is currently attainable.