Nanoparticles are becoming ubiquitous in food packaging, personal care products and are even being added to food directly. But the health and environmental effects of these tiny additives have remained largely unknown. A new study now suggests that nanomaterials in food and drinks could interfere with digestive cells and lead to the release of the potentially harmful substances to the environment.
All over the world researchers are investigating solar cells which imitate plant photosynthesis, using sunlight and water to create synthetic fuels such as hydrogen. Empa researchers have developed such a photoelectrochemical cell, recreating a moth's eye to drastically increase its light collecting efficiency. The cell is made of cheap raw materials - iron and tungsten oxide.
'Electroanalysis-Based Clinical Diagnostics' is an Electroanalysis Special Issue gathering the latest achievements in the design, fabrication and applications of electroanalysis-based devices in clinical field.
Scientists have found that two-dimensional nanostructures with asymmetric design enable a new quantum mechanism, triggering the emission of tuneable light at terahertz frequencies-with unprecedented efficiency.
Scientists have discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. The function in the algae of this quantum effect, known as coherence, remains a mystery, but it is thought it could help them harvest energy from the sun much more efficiently. Working out its role in a living organism could lead to technological advances, such as better organic solar cells and quantum-based electronic devices.
By combining the advantages of two well-established spectroscopy technologies - 2D-electronic and 2D-infrared - two-dimensional electronic-vibrational spectroscopy (2D-EV) is the first that can be used to simultaneously monitor electronic and molecular dynamics on a femtosecond time-scale. The results show how the coupling of electronic states and nuclear vibrations affect the outcome of photochemical reactions.
Researchers have introduced a new method of detection that allows the entire class of methamphetamine drugs to be detected in water. A probe equipped with synthetic receptor molecules responds to a grouping of atoms that is present in all methamphetamines.