The ability to transfer a gene or DNA sequence from one animal into the genome of another plays a critical role in a wide range of medical research - including cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and diabetes.
Scientists from five Rice University research groups, including four from Rice's Laboratory for Nanophotonics, are embarking on new nanotechnology research programs related to green chemistry, energy sustainability and computer security, thanks to two new multimillion-dollar grants from the Department of Defense?s Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI).
Some years ago, quantum physicists provided experimental proof of Efimov states - a phenomenon that until then had been known only in theory. Now they have also measured the second Efimov resonance of three particles in an ultracold quantum gas, thus, proving the periodicity of this universal physical phenomenon experimentally.
With the help of an X-ray laser, a team of international researchers has looked more precisely than ever before into the electron cloud, a bunch of charged tiny particles orbiting molecules. The team managed to document changes in the states of electrons in a similar way to how pictures taken at different times can be assembled to a movie.
As the government announces further support for the UK's emerging graphene industry, James Baker from the National Graphene Institute says the emerging concept of a 'graphene city' can be a UK model for commercialising new scientific discoveries.
The nanostructures are coated in titanium oxide to which nitrogen has been added. This allows sunlight, rather than ultraviolet radiation, to trigger the process involving the chemical reaction and destruction of contaminants.
A new project at the National Physical Laboratory will develop methodologies to measure the radio-biological impact of gold nanoparticles, when used in combination with ionising radiation for enhancing radiotherapy treatments and medical imaging.