An innovative measurement method was used at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw for estimating power generated by motors of single molecule in size, comprising a few dozens of atoms only. The findings of the study are of crucial importance for construction of future nanometer machines - and they do not instil optimism.
Nanotechnologists at the UT research institute MESA+ have, for the first time, demonstrated quantum effects in tiny nanowires of iridium atoms. These effects, which occur at room temperature, are responsible for ensuring that the wires are almost always 4.8 nanometers - or multiples thereof - long.
The National Physical Laboratory has collaborated with Chalmers University of Technology and Linkoping University in Sweden to help develop a fast and inexpensive tool for quality control of graphene grown on silicon carbide.
The objectives of the research are to investigate the dynamics of phase transitions, including the formation of liquid crystals, as well as the equilibrium gel or empty liquid state, of highly anisotropic colloidal disks.
Smart nanostructures can increase the yield of solar cells. An international team of researchers including physicists from the FOM Foundation, Delft University of Technology and Toyota, have now optimised the nanostructures so that the solar cell provides more electricity and loses less energy in the form of heat.