Scientist sought to explore mesoscopic behaviours in hybrid systems by combining materials with different and even antagonistic properties. Superconductor-ferromagnet systems are an interesting example where different and opposing electron spin alignments lead to unique phenomena.
Researchers have been able to 'bake' nanostructures within seconds, in order to fabricate very fast UV-sensors. This new technique totally diminishes the need to use sophisticated equipments and toxic chemicals.
When it comes to wireless communication, the amount of data that needs to be transferred keeps growing ever faster. The basis for this are highly perfected crystals with very specific features. An international team of researchers has now developed a material system that meets the highest requirements.
With the help of tiny diamond crystals, physicists at the University of Basel have discovered new possibilities of quantum information: The scientists discovered at specific circumstances electric currents that made it possible to identify defects in the carbon lattice of single diamonds measuring only a few nanometers.
The precautionary matrix for synthetic nanomaterials by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health is geared toward industry and trade. A precautionary matrix is a method for assessing the nano-specific health and environmental risks of nanoproducts. The matrix is regularly revised based on experiences and new scientific knowledge.
New work by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, could soon transform the building blocks of modern electronics by making nanomagnetic switches a viable replacement for the conventional transistors found in all computers.
An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving the materials that make solar energy conversion/photocatalysis possible. Together, they have developed a new form of high-performance solar photocatalyst based on the combination of the titanium dioxide and other "metallic" oxides that greatly enhance the visible light absorption and promote more efficient utilization of the solar spectrum for energy applications.