Researchers have taken a step toward practical applications for 'hyperbolic metamaterials', ultra-thin crystalline films that could bring optical advances including powerful microscopes, quantum computers and high-performance solar cells.
As part of the Communication on the Second Regulatory Review on Nanomaterials, the European Commission has announced to launch an impact assessment to identify and develop the most adequate means to increase transparency and ensure regulatory oversight on nanomaterials.
A device created by electrical engineers uses a thin film of vanadium dioxide on a titanium dioxide substrate to create an oscillating switch. When a second similar oscillating system was added, over time the two devices would begin to oscillate in unison. This coupled system could provide the basis for non-Boolean computing.
Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Tokyo have created electronic devices that become soft when implanted inside the body and can deploy to grip 3-D objects, such as large tissues, nerves and blood vessels.
Physicists have developed a new ultrafast light source for observing electron motion in molecules - made up of nuclei and electrons - at the point before the nuclei start to move. By being able to observe what actually happens, scientists can begin to understand how an electron interacts with other electrons, which may help improve the efficiency of solar cells.
The ability to transfer a gene or DNA sequence from one animal into the genome of another plays a critical role in a wide range of medical research - including cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and diabetes.
Scientists from five Rice University research groups, including four from Rice's Laboratory for Nanophotonics, are embarking on new nanotechnology research programs related to green chemistry, energy sustainability and computer security, thanks to two new multimillion-dollar grants from the Department of Defense?s Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI).
Some years ago, quantum physicists provided experimental proof of Efimov states - a phenomenon that until then had been known only in theory. Now they have also measured the second Efimov resonance of three particles in an ultracold quantum gas, thus, proving the periodicity of this universal physical phenomenon experimentally.