The major advance here is that we were able to make biodegradable nanoparticles that can rapidly penetrate thick and sticky mucus secretions, and that these particles can transport a wide range of therapeutic molecules.
Presently, finding biomimetic materials (the structure and function of biological systems), which are similar to bone in terms of strength, flexibility and density, is an ongoing concern for medical scientists. The hope is that it might be possible supplement metal alloy implants using such materials.
In a forced game of molecular tug-of war, some strings of atoms can act like a lever, accelerating reactions 1000 times faster than other molecules. The discovery suggests that scientists could use these molecular levers to drive chemical and mechanical reactivity among atoms and ultimately engineer more efficient materials.
Using modern mathematics, scientists reveal a new system which can, at last, successfully classify symmetry-protected phases of matter. Their new classification system will provide insight about these quantum phases of matter, which may in turn increase our ability to design states of matter for use in superconductors or quantum computers.
In a discovery that may prove important for cognitive science, our understanding of nature and applications for robot vision, researchers at the University of Adelaide have found evidence that the dragonfly is capable of higher-level thought processes when hunting its prey.
The idea is so simple you wonder why no one thought of it before. Crystals growing near the bottom of a beaker are subject to convection, but it is much quieter near the top of the beaker. In that case, why not just let them grow hanging in the beaker?
A new report comprehensively reviews over 65 papers on the biological accumulation of engineered nanomaterials under a range of ecologically relevant exposure conditions in water, soil or sediment with the focus on quantitative comparison among these existing studies.