New York University chemists have discovered crystal growth complexities, which at first glance appeared to confound 50 years of theory and deepened the mystery of how organic crystals form. But, appearances can be deceiving.
Carnegie Mellon University's Center for Silicon System Implementation (CSSI) has received a $2.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to develop next-generation ultra-efficient silicon chips that could trigger a revolution in how chips are designed and operated.
The primary goal of the European project INFERNOS (Information, fluctuations, and energy control in small systems) is to realize experimentally Maxwell's Demon; in other words, to develop the electronic and biomolecular nanodevices that support this principle.
Omid Farokhzad's vision of medicine's future sounds a lot like science fiction. He sees medicine scaled down, with vanishingly small nanoparticles playing a big role, delivering drug doses measured in molecules directly to cancerous tumors.
To gauge whether suspects involved in accidents or routine traffic stops have been driving drunk, police officers pair field sobriety tests with breathalyzers, which signal the presence of alcohol in the breath. Most breathalyzers are expensive and unable to test for precise concentrations of alcohol. Offering a better solution, Italian researchers have developed a novel idea for an inexpensive, portable breathalyzer whose color would change from green to red with higher alcohol concentrations.
Using ultra-fast laser pulses, researchers have made the first detailed observation of how energy travels through diamonds containing nitrogen-vacancy centers -- promising candidates for a variety of technological advances such as quantum computing.
Once developed, the technology will provide medical researchers and healthcare providers with a new diagnostic tool to aid in the detection of cancer and other diseases. Its creators say the technology could also lead to the development of new treatments for those diseases.
Tsu-Wei Chou, Pierre S. du Pont Chair of Engineering at the University of Delaware, has received funding from the National Research Foundation of Korea to support research in advanced hybrid nano- and micro-composites for structural and multifunctional applications.