How do we accelerate neutral particles - i.e. particles that cannot be energized by electrical voltages? And do it over millimeters rather than hundreds of meters and moreover using lasers? Research at Ultra Short Pulse High Intensity Lab in TIFR has now found a novel scheme that can do precisely this.
Rice University scientists have taken an important step toward the creation of two-dimensional electronics with a process to make patterns in atom-thick layers that combine a conductor and an insulator.
The University of Glasgow, the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) and Kelvin Nanotechnology Ltd (KNT) have formed Kelvin-Rutherford, a new venture combining their extensive resources to provide a complete nanotechnology service; delivering seamless support from device design through computer simulations to fabrication and evaluation in preparation for mass-production.
Every day scientists learn more about how the world works at the smallest scales. While this knowledge has the potential to help others, it's possible that the same discoveries can also be used in ways that cause widespread harm. A new study born out of a Federal Bureau of Investigation workshop held at the University of Notre Dame in September 2012, tackles this complex 'dual-use' aspect of nanotechnology research.
A new, energy-efficient air chilling system could keep troops on the front lines cool while using about half as much diesel as current systems. The system's decreased fuel consumption could also save lives by reducing attacks on American soldiers who deliver fuel to field operations.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has demonstrated a novel chip-scale instrument made of carbon nanotubes that may simplify absolute measurements of laser power, especially the light signals transmitted by optical fibers in telecommunications networks.
A team of researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology has shown that by bringing gold nanoparticles close to the dots and using a DNA template to control the distances, the intensity of a quantum dot's fluorescence can be predictably increased or decreased. This breakthrough opens a potential path to using quantum dots as a component in better photodetectors, chemical sensors and nanoscale lasers.
In a development that could lead to faster and more effective toxicity tests for airborne chemicals, scientists from Rice University and the Rice spinoff company Nano3D Biosciences have used magnetic levitation to grow some of the most realistic lung tissue ever produced in a laboratory.
Currently, there are 27 companies in India involved in nanotechnology-related business activities. In addition, there are 47 nanotechnology and nanoscience-related research and community organizations in India. There are 23 academic nanotechnology degree programs in India.
Ultrafast, efficient, and reliable single-photon detectors are among the most sought-after components in photonics and quantum communication, which have not yet reached maturity for practical application. Researchers have now achieved the decisive breakthrough by integrating single-photon detectors with nanophotonic chips. The detector combines near-unity detection efficiency with high timing resolution and has a very low error rate.
Researchers at the RIKEN Advanced Science Institute in Wako have moved a step closer to realizing spintronic devices by showing that "spin information" in various materials can travel much further than previously thought.