A trio of researchers at North Dakota State University and the University of South Dakota have turned to computer modeling to help decide which of two competing materials should get its day in the sun as the nanoscale energy-harvesting technology of future solar panels - quantum dots or nanowires.
A pair of breakthroughs in the field of silicon photonics by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Micron Technology Inc. could allow for the trajectory of exponential improvement in microprocessors that began nearly half a century ago - known as Moore's Law - to continue well into the future, allowing for increasingly faster electronics, from supercomputers to laptops to smartphones.
Microfluidic specialist Dolomite is now taking entries for this year's Productizing Science Competition. After the huge success of last year's competition, the company is once again looking for innovative microfluidics concepts to turn them into commercial reality.
The graphene industry is moving beyond the hype and is focusing on realistic low hanging fruits. The production methods are fast improving, making volume production at competitive prices possible in the medium term. Most suppliers are fast moving up the value chain to focus on higher value added products such as master-batches or inks.
A new study has found that 'waviness' in forests of carbon nanotubes dramatically reduces their stiffness. Instead of being a detriment, the waviness may make the nanotube arrays more useful as thermal interface material for conducting heat away from integrated circuits.
There is certainly no shortage of lab-on-a-chip (LOC) devices, but in most cases manufacturers have not yet found a cost-effective way to mass produce them. Scientists are now developing a platform for series production of these pocket laboratories.
Chemotherapy is often preferred for fighting cancer, but its side effects can be considerable. A new technique may reduce these in future: nanoparticle-encapsulated substances could kill off tumor cells selectively. This will be easier on patients.
A cheap and simple process using natural fibers embedded with nanoparticles can almost completely rid water of harmful textile dyes in minutes, report Cornell University and Colombian researchers who worked with native Colombian plant fibers.
A $2 million NSF grant will support development of a unique approach to making extremely compact and highly efficient antennas and electronics. The new technology will use principles derived from origami paper-folding techniques to create complex structures that can reconfigure themselves.
The world's sharpest X-ray beam shines at DESY. At the X-ray light source PETRA III, scientists generated a beam with a diameter of barely 5 nanometres. This fine beam of X-ray light allows focusing on smallest details.