Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley scientists have successfully directed the self-assembly of nanoparticles into device-ready thin films, which have potential applications in fields ranging from computer memory storage to energy harvesting and storage, from catalysis to light management, and into the emerging new field of plasmonics.
Researchers have developed a model that can predict the reactions of charged particles in any media. Their computational discovery, which takes cues from nature, could find applications in biology, medicine, and synthetic materials research.
Using an enhanced form of 'chemical microscopy' developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), researchers there have shown that they can peer into the structure of blended polymers, resolving details of the molecular arrangement at sub-micrometer levels.
Scientists have created the first controllable atomic circuit that functions analogously to a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and allows operators to select a particular quantum state of the system at will.
A cornerstone of physics may require a rethink if findings at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are confirmed. Recent experiments suggest that the most rigorous predictions based on the fundamental theory of electromagnetism - one of the four fundamental forces in the universe, and harnessed in all electronic devices - may not accurately account for the behavior of atoms in exotic, highly charged states.
A smile can say more than a thousand words, the saying goes. Orthodontics can help improve the appearance and position of people's teeth and jawbones, for better functioning teeth and more attractive smiles. In recent years, dental correction orthodontics have used braces made from clear plastic polymer to good effect, but now they are hoping to improve on this with help from nanotechnology.
A philosopher, a scientist and a software engineer have come together to propose a new centre at Cambridge to address developments in human technologies that might pose "extinction-level" risks to our species, from biotechnology to artificial intelligence.
Military uniforms of the future may offer a new layer of protection to wearers thanks to research at the UMass Amherst and elsewhere, developing a nanotube-based fabric that repels chemical and biological agents
Researchers at the CEA, CNRS and Joseph Fourier University, in Grenoble and Saclay, have developed two new cobalt-based materials that may be used to replace platinum, a rare and expensive metal, in producing hydrogen from water (electrolysis).
Researchers have taken the first step towards building graphene-based components. They successfully managed to increase the graphene conduction electrons' spin-orbit coupling by a factor of 10,000 - enough to allow them to construct a switch that can be controlled via small electric fields.