An EU-funded project to improve and strengthen Europe's competitiveness in micro and nano devices has resulted in the successful development of a customer-oriented engineering methodology that will ultimately benefit a wide range of European industries that depend on these technologies.
Magnetotactic bacteria are organisms which develop membrane-encapsulated nano-particles known as magnetosomes. Magnetosomes allow bacteria to orient themselves along the earth's magnetic field lines in order to migrate to more favourable environments.
Synchrotrons played a key role in the research that won Brian Kobilka, a professor and chair of Molecular and Cellular Physiology at the Stanford School of Medicine, the 2012 Nobel Prize in chemistry on Wednesday.
Making uniform coatings is a common engineering challenge, and, when working at the nanoscale, even the tiniest cracks or defects can be a big problem. New research from University of Pennsylvania engineers has shown a new way of avoiding such cracks when depositing thin films of nanoparticles.
In the far future, superconducting quantum bits might serve as components of high-performance computers. Today already do they help better understand the structure of solids, as is reported by researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
At very low temperatures, close to absolute zero, chemical reactions may proceed at a much higher rate than classical chemistry says they should -- because in this extreme chill, quantum effects enter the picture. A Weizmann Institute of Science team has now confirmed this experimentally.