The U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) has awarded $8.5 million to a consortium of seven U.S. universities that will work together to determine the best approach for generating quantum memories based on interaction between light and matter.
Within the stand of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), the CINN will show its novel ultralow thermal expansion ceramics, one of the most promising results developed by the CINN in recent years, in the framework of the European Project IP NANOKER.
The removal of mercury from wastewater by amalgamation with precious metals in the form of nanoparticles can be improved if the diameter of silver nanoparticles is made even smaller; then significantly more mercury can be extracted relative to the amount of silver used.
In a boon for the local solar industry, a team of researchers from Swinburne University of Technology and Suntech Power Holdings have developed the world's most efficient broadband nanoplasmonic solar cells.
Arizona State University researchers are finding ways to improve infrared photodetector technology that is critical to national defense and security systems, as well as used increasingly in commercial applications and consumer products.
Carbon nanotubes and graphene consist of just a couple of layers of carbon atoms, but they are lighter than aluminium, stronger than steel and can bend like spring-coils. Physicist Niklas Lindahl at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, has been studying the unique properties of the materials, which in future may result in improved electronics and light, strong material.
As a result of a joint intensive work of several groups from five different countries, including Basque Country, a new wide class of topological insulators - materials that are insulators in the bulk but conductors at the surface - with technologically very promising properties has been discovered.
The technology that Google uses to analyze trillions of Web pages is being brought to bear on the way molecules are shaped and organized. A researcher has adapted Google's PageRank software to create moleculaRnetworks, which scientists can use to determine molecular shapes and chemical reactions without the expense, logistics and occasional danger of lab experiments.