The intention of the compendium is to bring together researchers, create synergy in their work, and establish links and communication between them mainly during the actual research phase before publication of results.
The Materials Research Division at Riso DTU has received a grant from the Danish Council for Strategic Research to develop the scientific basis and computational tools for the microstructural optimization of materials for wind blades.
A new 'templated growth' technique for fabricating nanoribbons of epitaxial graphene has produced structures just 15 to 40 nanometers wide that conduct current with almost no resistance. These structures could address the challenge of connecting graphene devices made with conventional architectures - and set the stage for a new generation of devices that take advantage of the quantum properties of electrons.
Engineers at Ohio State University have invented a lens that enables microscopic objects to be seen from nine different angles at once to create a 3D image. Other 3D microscopes use multiple lenses or cameras that move around an object; the new lens is the first single, stationary lens to create microscopic 3D images by itself.
Princeton researchers have invented an extremely sensitive sensor that opens up new ways to detect a wide range of substances, from tell-tale signs of cancer to hidden explosives. The sensor, which is the most sensitive of its kind to date, relies on a completely new architecture and fabrication technique.
An EU-funded team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Germany have made important steps in the journey towards large-scale quantum computing and the simulation of condensed-matter systems, following new discoveries about the manipulation of atoms.
Researchers have revealed a new single-stage method for recharging the hydrogen storage compound ammonia borane. The breakthrough makes hydrogen a more attractive fuel for vehicles and other transportation modes.
A software package designed to minimize the potential risks of synthetic biology for the nation's defense and security is now available to the gene synthesis industry and synthetic biology community in an open-source format.
Bounce light around in a small enough space and you can magnify its intensity a thousand-fold, maybe more. The secret, says Professor Saulius Juodkazis, is having the right 'landscape' for the lightwaves to bounce around in. This is the principle behind Professor Juodkazis's research, which aims to develop the next generation of super sensors. It's something like catching dust motes in a beam of sunlight, shrunk down to nanoscale and magnified many times over.
When made from semiconductors these nanowires not only transport electric current along their axis but also can very efficiently emit light. Researchers have now combined these two fundamental properties.
With intensity a million times brighter than sunlight, a new synchrotron-based imaging technique offers high-resolution pictures of the molecular composition of tissues with unprecedented speed and quality.
The batteries in Illinois professor Paul Braun's lab look like any others, but they pack a surprise inside. Braun's group developed a three-dimensional nanostructure for battery cathodes that allows for dramatically faster charging and discharging without sacrificing energy storage capacity.
A team of scientists from Princess Margaret Hospital have created an organic nanoparticle that is completely non-toxic, biodegradable and nimble in the way it uses light and heat to treat cancer and deliver drugs.