A new brochure "OECD Work on Environment" (pdf) highlights the OECD work on Environment for 2011-2012, covering green growth, climate change, biodiversity, water, eco-innovation, chemical and bio-safety, resource efficiency.
The Waitt Advanced Biophotonics Center at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies officially opens on February 9, 2011 after quietly hiring two faculty members specializing in biophotonics----the science of using and manipulating light to investigate biological function----and building up its core facility's imaging capacity to rival most if not all academic research institutions of its size in the nation.
MBA students at the University of Maryland's Robert H. Smith School of Business created a business case that secured a $200,000 investment from Lockheed Martin to develop a nanotechnology created by university faculty.
At the joint pavilion, established technologies like silicon and semiconductor technologies are presented as well as intersectoral innovations from the fields of microfluidics, measurement, optics and nanotechnology.
Thirty-three Swiss research groups have joined the National Centre of Competence in Research "Quantum Science and Technology" (QSIT) with the aim of exploring the boundaries between classical and quantum mechanics, and combining different research approaches. The researchers are not just hoping for success with regard to a quantum computer. The leading house is ETH Zurich with Director Klaus Ensslin, a professor of experimental physics.
The wonder of science often comes from the endless possibilities opened up by each successive discovery and the unexpected findings that result. Scientists at the University of Bristol now have a new tool that will yield yet more and unprecedented levels of information - and crucially, without disturbing the natural, physical state of the object under scrutiny.
CEA-Leti researchers and their partners will report on projects that address fundamental challenges facing next-generation computing, medical diagnosis, communications, and portable electronics at ISSCC 2011, Feb. 20-24, in San Francisco, Calif.
Harnessing more than 30 years of photovoltaic research experience, a University of Arkansas engineering professor has found a way to increase sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiency and reduce the cost of expensive materials needed for solar-cell production. This technological breakthrough will decrease cost-per-watt production of solar electricity to a point at which it can compete with traditional, fossil-fuel-based methods.
Researchers from Northwestern University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have studied individual water droplets and discovered a miniature version of the "water hammer", an effect that produces the familiar radiator pipe clanging in older buildings.
Researchers are developing a new type of biological and chemical sensor that has few moving parts, is low-cost and yet highly sensitive, sturdy and long-lasting. The "diffraction-based" sensors are made of thin stripes of a gelatinous material called a hydrogel, which expands and contracts depending on the acidity of its environment.