NIOSH and CNSE will work together to advance research and guidance for occupational safety and health in the nanoelectronics industry and other settings where workers are potentially exposed to engineered nanomaterials.
Researchers have discovered a new way to simultaneously image both the ferromagnetic and the ferroelectric domain structures of multilayer devices in which a ferromagnetic film is grown on a ferroelectric substrate. These structures have attracted significant recent interest due to their ability to efficiently use voltage to change the magnetization in low-energy magnetic devices.
Nanostructures of virtually any possible shape can now be made using a combination of techniques. Especially the unique properties of so-called perovskites can be exploited further: their crystal structure is not influenced by the process.
Researchers have piloted a novel purification process to dramatically cut the cost of extracting specific biological molecules from complex mixtures - a boost to the competitiveness of Europe's pharmaceutical, food and animal feed industries.
Engineers have constructed the world's first electrical motor applying a textile material; carbon nanotube yarn. The presently most electrically conductive carbon nanotube yarn replaces usual copper wires in the windings.
Lithium ions traveling through a zinc antimonide anode cause local stress and phase transitions, a process dubbed atomic shuffling. These changes may help explain why most anodes made of layered materials eventually fail.
Cancer vaccines have recently emerged as a promising approach for killing tumor cells before they spread. But so far, most clinical candidates haven't worked that well. Now, scientists have developed a new way to deliver vaccines that successfully stifled tumor growth when tested in laboratory mice. And the key is in the vaccine's unique stealthy nanoparticles.
Using mesocosms that closely approximate wetland ecosystems, researchers show carbon nanotubes accumulate quickly in sediments - a tendency that could indirectly damage aquatic food chains by piggybacking harmful molecules.