Nanotechnology will contribute a cornucopia of building materials, establishing other options in place of conventional cement use. In poor or rural areas, materials that are readily available may be fortified with nanomaterials to enhance their structural properties. Renewables including paper or even garbage have already been made waterproof using a nanocoating to serve as substitutes for plastic. Nano-reinforced glass could be used as a structural component as well as for enclosure.
As the technology develops, these nanomaterials are becoming cheaper to produce, making it a favorable option for low-cost housing. Less material will be required yet remain highly dependable against premature failure. The results will be safe, cost-effective, and long-lasting. A few options nanotechnology already offers include: fire protection in high-risk cities, effective insulation in extreme weather climates, dirt-removal in sandy locations, and self-sanitation in polluted environments.
The resulting outlook on nanotechnology in construction involves a dynamic relationship between the building and the environment and occupants. Nanosensors implanted in building material can detect changes in movement, temperature, moisture, and toxins, allowing for self-adjusting mechanisms such as increasing ventilation or dimming lights. Luxury housing will actuate a new level of comfort and ease with these self-contained units.