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Posted: January 11, 2010

Scientists squeeze more out of metal-organic framework

(Nanowerk News) Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a new route to transform the structure of porous materials at industrially-accessible, high pressures ("Pressure-Induced Amorphization and Porosity Modification in a Metal-Organic Framework").
“Normally, these materials will spring back to their original structure after they have been compressed, almost like a spring, but above a certain pressure this material adopts a new structure,” scientist Karena Chapman said. “It is a related structure, but it is as if when we compressed the spring, it bounced back to a different shape.”
ZIF-8 is a commercially available metal-organic framework (MOF) that has molecular-scale pores that can have valuable catalytic applications. Chapman, along with scientists Gregory Halder and Peter Chupas, used the Advanced Photon Source’s high-focused X-ray beams to observe the structure of the compound after exerting varying degrees of pressure. The structural transition was found to occur at relatively modest pressures — pressures that can be achieved on the larger scales needed to test how the change in structure affects the functional behavior.
Gas uptake measurements, carried out within the Materials Science Division, revealed that the material’s porosity was modified for the new structure. This could be used to optimize its performance for specific applications, in areas like hydrogen storage for fuel cells. This discovery shows that by exerting pressure on MOFs through the pelletization process, you can modify the compound's structure and storage property.
While this type of structural change has been seen in traditional porous materials (e.g., zeolites) at much higher pressures, the structural changes in the MOF material occurs at lower pressures and consequently, this modification can be more readily scaled up to industrial levels.
The next step is for the scientists to examine the mechanism of the structural change and how this modification process can be most effectively exploited for molecular storage and separation applications.
Source: Argonne National Laboratory
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