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Posted: Jan 12, 2011
Sub 60-second Identification of MRSA and Other Hospital Acquired Infections Demonstrated
(Nanowerk News) At a time of rising levels of MRSA and other hospital acquired infections, Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) has been demonstrated to be a rapid and reliable technique for detection of life-threatening bacterial pathogen species that can be found in such medical environments. For the first time, scientists have used Chemometrics analysis of LIBS data in a blind test to successfully identify five pathogenic bacterial samples and differentiate between strains of a multiple-antibiotic-resistant species. Dr Rosalie Multari and her colleagues at Applied Research Associates believe that the ability to distinguish both species and strains using only raw spectra raises the prospect of rapid diagnostic instrumentation for use both within laboratories and in the field.
Dr Multari's team used the Andor iStar intensified CCD camera to analyse ten accumulated spectra from the laser-induced plasma plumes, with each spectrum accurately delayed by 1?s from the laser pulse and integrated on a 20?s temporal scale. The overall 1 second detection period allowed the identification of the five bacterial samples with 100% accuracy, including Escherichia coli, three methicillin-resistant Staphylococus aureus (MRSA) strains and an unrelated MRSA strain.
"Andor iStar Intensified CCD is the perfect platform for such challenging LIBS measurements", according to Andrew Dennis, Director of Product Management at Andor. "The cameras feature a fully integrated, software controlled digital delay and ultrafast Electronics for sub-2ns optical shuttering capabilities, a large range of photocathodes, including UV-enhanced and broadband options, with high on/off ratio in excess of 108 even in the UV region. Coupled with Echelle-based spectrographs, the iStar allows access to the highest bandwidth coverage while simultaneously achieving the highest spectral resolution and highest time-resolution."
Dr Multari's work follows a 2006 investigation of bacterial entities discrimination using LIBS spectra. Matthieu Baudelet and colleagues used the Andor iStar and Mechelle, an Echelle-based spectrograph, to investigate the relative concentration of six trace elements in pure samples of five bacterial species, and showed the equipment's suitability for accurate identification and discrimination. The latest research from Dr Multari's team shows another major step towards the practical use of LIBS.
The LIBS team at Applied Research Associates is also investigating its use in industrial process monitoring, environmental monitoring and workplace surveillance for harmful materials, as well as deployment in space exploration. Unlike other Atomic Spectroscopy techniques, LIBS does not require intensive sample preparation and lends itself to automated or unattended situations outside of the controlled laboratory environment.
The LIBS technique directs a focused laser pulse onto a target, which may be a solid, liquid, or a gas. The energy from the pulse vaporizes, atomizes and ionizes the target material to form a micro-plasma, which emits light as a result of relaxation of electrons from excited to lower energy states. Typically, this light is routed to an Echelle spectrograph and the spectral signature of the plasma is uniquely characteristic of the elements within the target.
To learn more about the iStar range of Andor scientific cameras and their use in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and other application areas, please visit the Andor website (http://www.andor.com/spectroscopy_solutions/).
Multari, R. A., Cremers, D.A., Dupre, J. M. and Gustafson, J. E. "The Use of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Distinguishing Between Bacterial Pathogen Species and Strains," Applied Spectroscopy 64 (7), 750-759 (2010).
Baudelet, M., Yu, J., Bossu, M., Jovelet, J. and Wolf, J. P."Discrimination of Microbiological Samples using Femtosecond Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy," Applied Physics Letters 89, 163903 (2006).
Abour Andor Technology
Andor is a world leader in Scientific Imaging, Spectroscopy Solutions and Microscopy Systems. Established in 1989 from Queen's University in Belfast, Northern Ireland, Andor Technology now employs over 260 people in 16 offices worldwide, distributing its portfolio of over 70 products to 10,000 customers in 55 countries.
Andor's digital cameras, designed and manufactured using pioneering techniques developed in-house, allow scientists around the world to measure light down to a single photon and capture events occurring within 1 billionth of a second. This unique capability is helping them push back the boundaries of knowledge in fields as diverse as drug discovery, toxicology analysis, medical diagnosis, food quality testing and solar energy research.
More information about Andor Technology PLC (LSE: AND) is available at the company's website (www.andor.com).