The Frontiers consortium is designed on five criteria: individual excellence in science, excellent nanotechnology infrastructure (clean room facilities), proven capability to initiate start-ups on the basis of new technology, outstanding relations with nanotechnology initiatives all over the world and, finally, a proven track record in cooperating with other members of the consortium. Frontiers consists of 192 scientists from 11 different research institutions scattered over Europe.
NanoNed, the Nanotechnology network in the Netherlands, is an initiative of eight knowledge institutes and Philips. It clusters the nanotechnology and enabling technology strengths of the Dutch industrial and scientific nanotechnology knowledge infrastructure in a national network.
NanoNextNL is a consortium of more than one hundred companies, universities, knowledge institutes and university medical centres, which is aimed at research into micro and nanotechnology. The total sum involved for NanoNextNL is 250 million euros, half of which is contributed by the collaboration of more than one hundred businesses, universities, knowledge institutes and university medical centres and the other half by the ministry of Economic affairs, Agriculture and Innovation.