Methanbildende Archaeen gehoeren zu den urspruenglichsten Lebensformen auf der Erde. In den Tiefen der Ozeane gewinnen diese Mikroorganismen Energie fuer ihren Stoffwechsel, indem sie aus Kohlendioxid und Wasser Methan herstellen. Energetisch gesehen ist dies am Limit dessen, was ueberhaupt Leben erlaubt.
The primary objective of the new program is to develop an economically scalable route to high-volume manufacturing of flexible active-matrix OLED displays. The shared program will bring together partners from across the value chain to tackle challenges such as high resolution, low power consumption, large area, outdoor readability, flexibility and light weight.
Scientists from IBM and the German Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) have built the world's smallest magnetic data storage unit. It uses just twelve atoms per bit, the basic unit of information, and squeezes a whole byte (8 bit) into as few as 96 atoms.
How noisy is a walking flea? What sorts of sound waves are caused by motile bacteria? Physicists at the Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM) have managed for the first time to detect sound waves at such minuscule length scales.
Novel light-source technology just got a big boost in Europe thanks to the OLED100.eu project which tackled the challenge to develop the techniques needed to form the basis for efficient OLED applications for the European general lighting industry.
Using 'plasmonic hotspots', gold nanostructures can be melted and made to produce the smallest nanojets ever observed. The tiny gold nanodroplets formed in the nanojets, are perfectly spherical, which makes them interesting for applications in medicine.
Boston University researchers demonstrated a new way to efficiently trap and enhance light in nanoscale structures and nanopatterned thin films, which can significantly improve performance of photonic and electronic devices such as nanosensors, thin-film organic solar cells and optical nanochips.
A special group of proteins, the so-called chaperons, helps other proteins to obtain their correct conformation. A research team from the Nanosystems Initiative Munich could prove that Hsp90 utilizes thermal fluctuations as the driving force for its conformational changes.
University of Illinois materials scientists have developed a new reactive silver ink for printing high-performance electronics on ubiquitous, low-cost materials such as flexible plastic, paper or fabric substrates.
As the guest of the African Materials Research Society and NanoSciences Africa Network (NanoAfNet), the Institute of Nanotechnology (UK) has had an invaluable opportunity to gain substantial insight into the latest developments in materials research and applications in Africa.