Light-matter interaction at the nanometer scale has turned into a very fast-growing field of research known as nano-optics. To highlight breakthroughs in the specific areas of nano-optics known as nanoplasmonics and metamaterials, the editors of the Optical Society's open-access journal Optical Materials Express have published a special Focus Issue on Nanoplasmonics and Metamaterials.
Scientists have observed individual phase slips in aluminum nanowires and characterized the nature and temperature at which they occur. This information could help scientists remove phase slips from nano-scale systems, which could lead to more reliable nanowires and more efficient nanoelectronics.
Diamonds can add more than sparkle and style to X-ray experiments at the Linac Coherent Light Source. They are giving scientists a way to focus the LCLS's powerful X-rays to a much tinier, brighter point without destroying the very device that does the focusing, according to a report from the Swiss team that created the new diamond-based technology.
The National Research Council, Canada is developing an innovative technology for smart glass with possible applications in sectors such as building, aircraft, automotive and displays. The micro-blinds are actuated by electrostatic forces; they allow the dynamic control of light transmission at remarkable speed and could lead to major energy savings in buildings. The idea is based on a cost-efficient manufacturing scheme.
Researchers from Thailand's NANOTEC pitched the "i-Guard Air Filter Sheets" technology to potential investors during the NSTDA Investor Day 2011 this morning to drum up interest from potential investors and entrepreneurs.
On Friday, September 16, 2011, Stefan W. Hell, head of the Department of NanoBiophotonics at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Goettingen, received the Gothenburg Lise Meitner Prize "for his groundbreaking development of light microscopy and its applications in biological settings".
RUSNANOTECH Forum is one of the central events of the year in the field of innovation in Russia. Traditionally, the event is attended by leading politicians, scientists and heads of major domestic and foreign companies. The Forum is focused on the main trends of global scientific and technological development and the advanced experience of innovative development commercialization.
Fuehrende europaeische Wissenschaftler bereiten derzeit das Human Brain Project vor, welches die Erforschung der Funktionsprinzipen des Gehirns eng mit moeglichen Anwendungen in der Informationswissenschaft verbinden soll.
Zum neunten Mal folgten Lithographie-Experten aus aller Welt der Einladung des Fraunhofer IISB zum "Fraunhofer IISB Lithography Simulation Workshop". Das Fachtreffen mit dem Schwerpunkt Modellierung adressiert ein internationales Publikum aus Industrie und Forschung und legt Wert auf einen deutlichen Praxisbezug der behandelten Fragestellungen.
Researchers were able to define two little quantum dots (QDs), occupied with electrons, in a semiconductor and to select a single electron from one of them using a sound wave, and then to transport it to the neighbouring QD. A single electron "surfs" thus from one quantum dot to the next like a fish on a wave. Such manipulation of a single electron will in the future also enable the combination of considerably more complex quantum bits instead of classical bits.
A study published by researchers at the RIKEN Advanced Science Institute (ASI) has shed first-ever light on a class of heterometallic molecular structures whose unique features point the way to breakthroughs in the development of lightweight fuel cell technology.
Recent theoretical work conducted at the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology explains the surprisingly small effect of macroscale phase segregation on the overall efficiency of blended organic photovoltaic materials by showing that electrons can effectively burrow through a skin layer to get to the device's cathode.