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Laser technology prevents frictional losses and wear of materials

Materials scientists at the Saarland University and the Material Engineering Center Saarland have come up with a laser technology that allows for precise working on materials' surfaces. The laser beams generate 3-dimensional patterns and change the material's inner structure only at an extremely thin surface layer.

Posted: Oct 28th, 2010

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NASA telescope finds staggering amounts of buckyballs floating between the stars

Astronomers have discovered bucket loads of buckyballs in space. They used NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope to find the little carbon spheres throughout our Milky Way galaxy - in the space between stars and around three dying stars. What's more, Spitzer detected buckyballs around a fourth dying star in a nearby galaxy in staggering quantities - the equivalent in mass to about 15 of our moons.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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EU research initiative aims to increase electronic device efficiency by 10x and eliminate power consumption of devices in standby mode

Today, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne and IBM (NYSE: IBM) announced a major research initiative, with several leading academic and corporate research organizations across Europe, to address the alarming growth of energy consumption by electronic devices, ranging from mobile phones to laptops to televisions to supercomputers.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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Making bone in the laboratory

Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have for the first time succeeded in mimicking the process of bone formation in the laboratory, and in visualizing the process in great detail.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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Nanocoatings preserve silver artifacts and art

To protect art objects for generations to come, scientists from the A. James Clark School of Engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park, have teamed up with conservators from the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, Md., to develop and test a new, high-tech way to protect silver art objects and artifacts, using coatings that are mere nanometers thick.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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Nanotechnology in medicine to improve early diagnosis and treatment of arthritis

The use of nanotechnology in medicine holds the potential to essentially improve diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of disease activity. To foster research in this area, the European Commission is funding the collaborative project 'Development of Novel Nanotechnology Based Diagnosed Systems for Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis (NanoDiaRA)' within the 7th Framework Programme for Research.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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New laser to bring spectroscopic technique up to speed

Physicist Robert Huber, who leads a Junior Research Group at Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, becomes the latest recipient of one of the coveted Starting Grants awarded by the European Research Council (ERC). The grant is worth 1.2 million Euros over a period of 5 years.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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Nanodrug enables image-guided breast cancer therapy

By combining an iron oxide nanoparticle, a tumor-targeting peptide, and a therapeutic nucleic acid into one construct, a team of investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School have created an agent that holds potential as targeted therapy for breast cancer.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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Understanding how cells respond to nanoparticles

Scientists have shown that the safety of gold nanoparticle-nucleic acid formulations depends significantly on how the nucleic acids and nanoparticles are linked to one another, a finding with important implications for those researchers developing such constructs.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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Nanoparticles deliver combination chemotherapy directly to prostate cancer cells

Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a nanoparticle that can deliver precise doses of two or more drugs to prostate cancer cells. Such particles, say the researchers, could improve the effectiveness of chemotherapy while minimizing the side effects normally seen with these drugs.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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Tracking tumor-targeting nanoparticles in the body

Though targeted nanoparticle-based imaging agents and therapeutics for diagnosing and treating cancer are making their way to and through the clinical trials process, researchers still do not have a good understanding of how nanoparticles reach tumors and how they then bind to and enter the targeted tumor. To overcome that knowledge deficit, two teams of investigators, both part of the Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer have undertaken studies aiming to track nanoparticles as they move through living animals.

Posted: Oct 27th, 2010

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