Harnessing darkness for practical use, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a laser power detector coated with the world's darkest material - a forest of carbon nanotubes that reflects almost no light across the visible and part of the infrared spectrum.
Spotting a single cancerous cell that has broken free from a tumor and is traveling through the bloodstream to colonize a new organ might seem like finding a needle in a haystack. But a new imaging technique from the University of Washington is a first step toward making this possible.
A cluster of carbon nanotubes coated with a thin layer of protein-recognizing polymer form a biosensor capable of using electrochemical signals to detect minute amounts of proteins. With further development, this biosensor could provide a crucial new diagnostic tool for the detection of cancer and other illnesses.
In cancer research, nanotechnology holds great promise for the development of targeted, localized delivery of anticancer drugs, in which only cancer cells are affected. By carrying out comprehensive studies on mice with human tumors, scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles, have obtained results that move the research one step closer to this goal.
With a single breath, a Breathalyzer can tell a police officer when a driver has had too much to drink. Now, thanks to a team of investigators at the Israel Institute of Technology, a single breath may be enough to tell a doctor that their patient has cancer.
A normally benign protein found in the human body appears to be able - when paired with nanoparticles - to zero in on and kill certain cancer cells, without having to also load those particles with chemotherapy drugs.
One tool in the eventual armamentarium of clinical oncologists could be the new microfluidic image cytometry (MIC) platform developed by Hsian-Rong Tseng and his colleagues at the University of California, Los Angeles and the Nanosystems Biology Cancer Center.
Both certificate programs are designed to meet the growing demand for skilled professionals who can conceptualize, design and manufacture optical and optomechanical components, systems and instruments.
Researchers demonstrate enhanced performance of a hybrid photovoltaic device, where poly[3-hexylthiophene] (P3HT) is used as active material and a solution-processed thin flat film of ZnO modified by a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of phenyl-C61-butyric acid (PCBA) is used as electron extracting electrode.