An ultra-secure form of coded communication could be given a boost. Quantum physicists have demonstrated the randomness of quantum mechanics also applies to the measurement of a particle's angle and rotation.
Working with the unique nanoscience capabilities of the Molecular Foundry at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, a multi-institutional team of researchers has developed the first model of signal-to-noise-ratios for low frequency noises in graphene on silica. Their results show noise patterns that run just the opposite of noise patterns in other electronic materials.
Backed by a $1.2 million federal grant, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) has launched a Center for Advanced Materials Manufacturing (CAMM) that will support the transfer of UWM research in bulk nanostructured materials to manufacturing industry in both Wisconsin and the nation.
During cell division, microtubules emanating from each of the spindle poles meet and overlap in the spindle's mid zone. Scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelberg, Germany, have uncovered the molecular mechanism that determines the extent of this overlap.
The Science Fictions Conference, held on 13-15 October 2010 in Glasgow, UK, aims to move beyond the current paradigm, using knowledge from several major projects in this area, and the expertise of thinkers from inside and outside the science education field.
A team of physicists has achieved ultrafast 'switching' time in an operation central to quantum information processing, changing the state of a single trapped ion in less than 50 picoseconds with more than 99 percent reliability.
MIT's Kripa Varanasi will use his award to focus on developing novel nanoengineered surface technology-enabled thermal-fluid systems for ultra-high-heat flux thermal management, which could impact multiple industries spanning electronics and photonics, energy, water, agriculture and transportation.
Physicists are divided on whether string theory is a viable theory of everything, but many agree that it offers a new way to look at physical phenomena that have otherwise proven difficult to describe. In the past decade, physicists have used string theory to build a connection between quantum and gravitational mechanics, known as gauge/gravity duality. MIT physicists have now used that connection to describe a specific physical phenomenon - the behavior of a type of high-temperature superconductor.