Scientists have deciphered the three-dimensional structure of the human genome, paving the way for new insights into genomic function and expanding our understanding of how cellular DNA folds at scales that dwarf the double helix.
The French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), Singapore's Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and Thales have established a joint international research unit called CINTRA (CNRS International ? NTU ? Thales Research Alliance). Based in Singapore, the new unit will conduct research into nanotechnologies for electronics, photonics, and related applications.
The nanotechnology processes developed at Louisiana Tech University can immobilize the expensive enzymes used to convert cellulose to sugars, allowing them to be reused several times over and, thus significantly reducing the overall cost of the process.
A team of researchers from the State University of Pennsylvania (USA) and the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM) have developed a technique to replicate biological structures, such as butterfly wings, on a nano scale.
Nanotechnology breakthroughs will be essential in developing game-changing solutions to address world issues, such as energy shortages, environmental concerns and greater connectivity, said Alcoa Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer Mohammad A. Zaidi at Rusnanotech '09.
The European Commission's Directorate-General for Research has published a call for tender for a comparative scoreboard and performance indicators in nanotechnology, materials, processes (NMP) research activities between the EU and third countries.
Silicon, the most important semiconductor material of all, is usually considered to be as brittle and breakable as window glass. On the nanometer scale, however, the substance exhibits very different properties, as Empa researchers have shown by creating minute silicon pillars.
Uwe Hartmann, Professor für Experimentalphysik an der Universitaet des Saarlandes, will jetzt den Wirkungsgrad von Solarzellen mit Hilfe der Nanotechnologie steigern. Er erhaelt dafuer rund 500.000 Euro Foerderung im Rahmen eines Verbundprojektes des Bundesministerium fuer Bildung und Forschung.
National Physical Laboratory scientists are paving the way for highly accurate measurement at the nano-scale and beyond, by being the first team in the world to develop a tiny microwave-powered room-temperature fridge.