India and Russia will now take forward the collaborative science programmes to new areas like ocean research, gas hydrides for energy security and nanotechnology and work for transfer of technology for industry.
The International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA), in cooperation with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), will sponsor a symposium Nov. 11, 2008, to examine the hazards workers will face and how they will be protected 25 years from now - in ISEA?s centennial year.
From mitigating the causes of global warming to designing proteins for the treatment of diseases, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh will now be able to increase their potential for faster, more efficient and effective real-world solutions through the University's Center for Simulation and Modeling.
Besides issues more specifically related to conventional chemicals, the forum also adopted the 'Dakar Statement on Manufactured Nanomaterials', which includes ten general statements defining a common basis, and a list of 21 specific recommendations addressed to the participating governments, and the other organisations participating.
The University of Connecticut dramatically expanded its nanotechnology research capabilities this month, with the opening of a 1,000-square-foot ?clean room? that will allow scientists to fabricate cutting-edge devices for use in defense, industry, and medicine.
The social responsibilities of the global scientific community and the values that should guide the conduct of scientists are at the core of a new booklet released by the International Council for Science (ICSU).
The start of NANOCERTIFICA, the Russian Federation's first certification system for industrial nanotechnology production, was declared at a press conference held on October 22, 2008 at the President Hotel in Moscow.
In this information age, increased storage capacity is a central challenge for science and technology. A team of German and Italian researchers has pursued this by exploring the concept of 'nanostructured storage domains'.
Hyperbranched polymers have already been used to develop materials such as resins and wood coatings with improved durability and resistance to abrasion. These exploit the fact that molecules with multiple branches tend to cling together more strongly, making them resistant to wear. But hyperbranched polymers also have other properties, such as low viscosity, which makes them suitable for applications such as flexible electronic displays.
Some organic substances have a property called photochromism, meaning that their absorption spectrum, or color, changes when they are exposed to certain types of light. In particular, a new artificial protein called Dronpa shows great promise for applications because it can be switched back and forth between a 'bright' state and a 'dark' state.
Scientists at the RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, Wako, Saitama University, Saitama, and the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, have demonstrated that an organic film can be switched from being a superconductor to an insulator through the proper choice of substrate.