By increasing the amount of an anticancer agent that gets to tumor cells, as opposed to healthy cells, researchers hope to minimize the potential side effects of therapy while maximizing therapeutic response. This approach has been taken one step farther by targeting the specific location inside a tumor cell, where the drug ceramide exerts its cell-killing activity.
A research team at Uppsala University will be leading a collaborative project between the EU and India in theoretical materials science. The objective is to find new materials for applications in nanotechnology.
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has granted a patent for a MITRE-developed process that provides a path to achieving what has been called the Holy Grail of nanotechnology. U.S. Patent number 7,347,981 was issued to MITRE earlier this year. It covers a continuous flow method for the separation of carbon nanotubes according to their chiralities, the characteristic twists in their molecular structures.
In order to realize the electrical units of voltage, resistance and current with highest accuracy quantum effects in nano-circuits are nowadays used. Important prerequisites are extremely pure semiconductor layers where high-mobile electrons move through the crystal without collision with residual impurities.
The secret of electron heating in low temperature plasmas has been discovered by the Bochum researchers at the Center of Excellence 'Plasma Science and Technology' (CPST) at the Ruhr University - who have thereby found the answer to the question which has been puzzling scientists for decades of why particularly the electrons in such plasmas are so hot.
Physicists at Los Alamos National Laboratory, along with colleagues at institutions in Switzerland and Canada, have observed, for the first time in a single exotic phase, a situation where magnetism and superconductivity are necessary for each other's existence.
The California Institute of Technology Chemical Bonding Center project, called 'Powering the Planet,' will increase the number of its collaborators to fulfill its goal of efficiently and economically converting solar energy and water into hydrogen and oxygen fuels.
The University of Washington will acquire an electron beam lithography machine, a key instrument required to build devices at the nanometer scale. A $1.3 million gift from the Washington Research Foundation provides about half the cost of the $2.5 million electron beam lithography machine, which will be the only one of its kind in the Northwest.
Researchers at The University of Nottingham have developed a unique technology that will allow scientists to look at microscopic activity within the body?s chemical messenger system for the very first time, live as it happens.