Attosecond science is a new frontier of molecular and material science. It is expected to catalyze novel applications in a wide range of fields such as nanotechnology and life sciences, based on the ultimate visualization and control of the quantum nature of the electron.
Currently, there are 26 companies in Michigan involved in nanotechnology-related business activities. In addition, there are 20 nanotechnology and nanoscience-related research and community organizations in Michigan. There are 2 academic nanotechnology degree programs in Michigan.
The overall aim of the NanoCelluComp project is to develop a technology to utilise the high mechanical performance of cellulose nanofibres, obtained from food processing waste streams, combined with bioderived matrix materials, for the manufacture of 100% bio-derived high performance composite materials that will replace randomly oriented and unidirectional glass and carbon fibre reinforced plastics in a range of applications including transportation, wind turbines, biomedical, sport and consumer goods.
New findings expand the understanding of how one type of immune cell - known as a T helper 17 or Th17 cell - develops, and how its growth influences the development of immune responses. By figuring out how these cells are "wired", the researchers make a surprising connection between autoimmunity and salt consumption, highlighting the interplay of genetics and environmental factors in disease susceptibility.
An air-breathing bio-battery has been constructed by researchers from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. The core element providing the new power source with relatively high voltage and long lifetime is a carefully designed cathode taking up oxygen from air and composed of an enzyme, carbon nanotubes and silicate.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute student Ming Ma has developed a new method to manufacture light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that are brighter, more energy efficient, and have superior technical properties than those on the market today. His patent-pending invention holds the promise of hastening the global adoption of LEDs and reducing the overall cost and environmental impact of illuminating our homes and businesses.
Pennsylvania has a burgeoning research and commercial nanotechnology environment. The University of Pennsylvania, Penn State and Drexel University have large and well-respected nanotechnology research programs. Currently, there are 58 companies in Pennsylvania involved in nanotechnology-related business activities. In addition, there are 40 nanotechnology and nanoscience-related research and community organizations in Pennsylvania. There are 8 academic nanotechnology degree programs in Pennsylvania.
Tiny biomolecular chambers called nanopores that can be selectively heated may help doctors diagnose disease more effectively if recent research proves effective. Though the findings may be years away from application in the clinic, they may one day improve doctors' ability to search the bloodstream quickly for indicators of disease - a longstanding goal of medical research.
Hybrid inorganic-organic photovoltaic devices are attractive as next generation high efficiency thin film solar cells, but the photovoltaic performance is still low level compared with inorganic solar cells of Si, Cu(InGa)Se2 , and organic solar cells of C60.
Carbon nanocoils (CNCs) composed of helical shaped carbon nanofibers have potential applications including mechanical springs, nano-solenoids, and field emitters. Researchers have now described the CNC fracturing properties of eight CNCs using focused ion beam modification.
In a step toward understanding and exploiting an exotic form of matter that has been sparking excitement for potential applications in a new genre of supercomputers, scientists are reporting the first identification of a naturally occurring topological insulator.