Physicists at UC Santa Barbara are manipulating light on superconducting chips, and forging new pathways to building the quantum devices of the future - including super-fast and powerful quantum computers.
Illinois has a burgeoning research and commercial nanotechnology environment. The University of Illinois and Northwestern University with its International Institute for Nanotechnolog have large and well-respected nanotechnology research programs. Currently, there are 29 companies in Illinois involved in nanotechnology-related business activities. In addition, there are 39 nanotechnology and nanoscience-related research and community organizations in Illinois.
A newly developed switchable mirror sheet uses new gasochromic switching that is completely different from conventional gasochromic switching methods. It can control the reflection of visible to near-infrared light at a switching speed about 20 times faster than that of conventional electrochromic switchable glass.
Scientists are developing an ambitious research project, known as 'Plasmaquo', aimed at developing a sensor which enables detecting the molecules that are released by bacteria to communicate with each other and, thus, understanding their paths of communication.
Researchers at Macquarie University have been perfecting a technique that may help see nanodiamonds used in biomedical applications. PhD student Jana Say has been working on processing the raw diamonds so that they might be used as a tag for biological molecules.
Scientists at Yale University have designed and tested a drug delivery system that shows early promise for improved treatment of lupus and other chronic, uncured autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and Type 1 diabetes.
The salinity difference between fresh water and salt water could be a source of renewable energy. However, power yields from existing techniques are not high enough to make them viable. A solution to this problem may now have been found. Researchers have discovered a new means of harnessing this energy: osmotic flow through boron nitride nanotubes generates huge electric currents, with 1,000 times the efficiency of any previous system.