Synchronization phenomena are everywhere in the physical world - from circadian rhythms to side-by-side pendulum clocks coupled mechanically through vibrations in the wall. Researchers have now demonstrated synchronization at the nanoscale, using only light, not mechanics.
Using computers to calculate the extreme version of quantum entanglement - how the spin of every electron in certain electronic materials could be entangled with another electron's spin - the research team found a way to predict this characteristic. Future applications of the research are expected to benefit fields such as information technology.
Using common laboratory filter paper coated with antibody-labeled gold nanorods, a team of investigators at Washington University in St. Louis has developed a rapid and inexpensive method for detecting biomarkers of kidney cancer in urine.
Malignant cells that leave a primary tumor, travel the bloodstream, and grow out of control in new locations cause the vast majority of cancer deaths. A new type of nanoparticle construct, developed at Case Western Reserve University, detects these metastases in mouse models of breast cancer far earlier than current methods, which is a step toward earlier detection and treatment.
An international research team has created unique photoluminescent nanoparticles that shine clearly through more than three centimeters, or more than an inch, of biological tissue, a depth that makes them a promising tool for deep-tissue optical bioimaging.
Researchers from The Johns Hopkins University and Northwestern University have discovered how to control the shape of nanoparticles that move DNA through the body and have shown that the shapes of these carriers may make a big difference in how well they work in treating cancer and other diseases.
Researchers have succeeded in designing and demonstrating the effectiveness of a first-of-its-kind, self assembled, multi-functional, near-infrared (NIR) responsive gold nanorods that can deliver a chemotherapy drug specifically targeted to cancer cells and selectively release the drug in response to an external beam of light while creating heat for synergistic thermo-chemo mediated anti-tumor efficacy.
Using gold nanorods that are visible using two different types of imaging techniques, researchers at the Stanford University Center for Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence and Translation (Stanford CCNE-T) have developed a promising new method that may be able to detect early stage ovarian cancer and help surgeons completely remove the detected tumor.