The breakthrough technology allows the integration of different optical components side-by-side with electrical circuits on a single silicon chip using, for the first time, sub-100nm semiconductor technology.
Engineers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have created a device that can focus light into a point just a few nanometers across - an achievement they say may lead to next-generation applications in computing, communications, and imaging.
The Max Planck Institute for Iron Research has established a new department "Structure and Nano-/Micromechanics of Materials" that aims at understanding the local mechanical properties of materials by employing mechanical testing and microstructural characterization methods with high spatial resolution.
Princeton researchers have found a simple and economic way to nearly triple the efficiency of organic solar cells, the cheap and flexible plastic devices that many scientists believe could be the future of solar power.
Microscopic metallic cubes could unleash the enormous potential of metamaterials to absorb light, leading to more efficient and cost-effective large-area absorbers for sensors or solar cells, Duke University researchers have found.