The same type of microwave oven technology that most people use to heat up leftover food has found an important application in the solar energy industry, providing a new way to make thin-film photovoltaic products with less energy, expense and environmental concerns.
Physicists from the University of Southampton were among the first researchers to use the new high magnetic-field beamline at Diamond Light Source, the UK's national synchrotron facility, to search for 'hidden magnetic states'.
Ever tried to paint on top of silicone? After a few hours, the paint will peel off. Annoying. Silicone is a so-called low surface energy polymer, well known from flexible baking forms: A synthetic material that has an extremely low adhesion or "stickiness". Teflon is similarly non-sticky and well known from frying pans. Researchers of Kiel University have now developed the first technology which is capable of joining these two "unjoinable" materials.
A team of chemists from ETH Zurich headed by Professor Alfons Baiker has found answers to the question as to why a particular kind of catalysis only really generates one form of a chiral substance. This kind of catalysis is thus becoming increasingly interesting for industry.
Researchers have discovered that by replacing the central part of a fuel cell catalyst with gold and copper alloy and leaving just the outer layer in platinum, the new hybrid material can provide 5 times higher activity and much greater stability than a commercial platinum catalyst.
A multi-university research team led by North Carolina State University will be developing methods to create two-dimensional (2-D) materials capable of folding themselves into three-dimensional (3-D) objects when exposed to light. The effort, which is funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), is inspired by origami and has a broad range of potential applications.
Materials that harvest solar radiation for energy often overheat or degrade over time; this reduces their viability to compete with other renewable energy sources like wind or hydroelectric generators. A new video protocol addresses these issues by presenting a synthesis of two inorganic nanocrystals, each of which is more durable than their organic counterparts.
The Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law at Arizona State University has published a special nanotechnology conference issue of Jurimetrics: The Journal of Law, Science and Technology that focuses on innovate new oversight models for rapidly emerging nanotechnologies.
Light-sheet based microscopy (LSM), also known as single plane illumination microscopy (SPIM), is a state-of-the-art microscope imaging method in which a biological sample is illuminated with a thin sheet of light - provided by a laser beam narrowed to just a few microns across - coming from the side rather than from above or below as with traditional light sources.