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Researchers get up close to double ionisation

Normally, when an intense laser pulse interacts with an atom it generates agitation on the micro-scale and this interaction produces a single ionisation, where one electron is ejected from the atom. Sometimes, however, two electrons can be removed from the atom at the same time, which results in the more complex process of double ionisation. Now researchers have observed this process at attosecond time scales.

Posted: May 9th, 2012

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Functional coatings from the plasma nozzle

These coatings offer protection against rust, scratches and moisture and improve adhesion: Surfaces with a nano coating. A new plasma process enables these coatings to be applied more easily and cost-efficiently - on an industrial scale.

Posted: May 9th, 2012

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Open access: EU project results go public

Publicly funded research should benefit everyone, not bury findings in obscure or expensive journals. The European Commission wants results from Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) and Horizon 2020 projects to produce fully 'open access' publications; a project is now promoting open access and building a portal for all FP7 project publications and datasets.

Posted: May 9th, 2012

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Quantum dots brighten the future of lighting

Seven years ago, when white-light quantum dots were discovered accidentally in a Vanderbilt chemistry lab, their efficiency was too low for commercial applications and several experts predicted that it would be impossible to raise it to practical levels. Today, however, Vanderbilt researchers have proven those predictions wrong by reporting that they have successfully boosted the fluorescent efficiency of these nanocrystals from an original level of three percent to as high as 45 percent.

Posted: May 8th, 2012

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Life scientists unlock mystery of how 'handedness' arises

This mirror-image phenomenon - known as chirality or "handedness" - has captured the imagination of a UCLA research group led by Thomas G. Mason, a professor of chemistry and physics and a member of the California NanoSystems Institute at UCLA.

Posted: May 8th, 2012

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Researchers give drug dropouts a second chance

A cross-disciplinary team of researchers at the University of Maryland has designed a molecular container that can hold drug molecules and increase their solubility, in one case up to nearly 3000 times. Their discovery opens the possibility of rehabilitating drug candidates that were insufficiently soluble.

Posted: May 8th, 2012

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