Researchers at AIST have developed a very high-performance multilayered photoelectrode for hydrogen production by water electrolysis using an oxide semiconductor photoelectrode. In the reaction to convert solar energy into hydrogen energy, a solar energy conversion efficiency of 1.35 % has been achieved in a carbonate electrolyte by stacking two photoelectrodes.
The growing concerns on environmental damage and health impact from volatile organic compound (VOC) have initiated Thai researchers to look at ways to treating air pollutant such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) under visible light.
This signature initiative, "Nanotechnology Knowledge Infrastructure: Enabling National Leadership in Sustainable Design", will provide a community-based, solutions-oriented knowledge infrastructure to accelerate nanotechnology discovery and innovation.
Electricity and some gases and liquids can be a dangerous - even explosive - combination. But sensors are still needed in harsh gaseous and liquid environments, whether to check for leaking hydrogen fuel cells or to measure the composition or acidity of industrial chemicals. EU-funded researchers have developed an optical solution that is safer, easier to install and, unexpectedly, much more sensitive than most existing chemical sensors.
Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, and the American National Institutes of Health (NIH) have developed a new method to visualize cell structures of an eighth of a micrometer in size in living fish larvae.
Researchers at CRANN, the Science Foundation Ireland funded nanoscience institute based at Trinity College Dublin, and which partners with University College Cork, have conducted research to develop materials that could in time revolutionise the manufacture of silicon chips and lead to a new wave of next generation computers and real time 3D video processing.
The American Academy of Dermatology (Academy) reiterated the safety and effectiveness of sunscreens, including those with nanoparticles, to protect against the damaging effects from exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
ETH-Zurich researchers have devised a method to detect mutations in tumour cells that are only present in a proportion of the cancer's cells. The analysis reveals that cells of individual tumours are more variable than first thought - and differ from patient to patient.