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Nanotechnology Spotlights

Hydrogen induces high-temperature superconductivity in a monolayer material

2D-materialThe latest addition in exciting properties of 2D materials has been superconductivity - the complete absence of resistance at low temperatures - clearly exciting for dissipationless (low-power, heating free) electronics. Researchers hypothesized that a layer of hydrogen adatoms could strongly alter the electronic and vibrational features of an atomically thin material, thereby boosting its superconductivity. This idea was...

Aug 20, 2019

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A new method for depositing manganese oxide thin-films on planar and complex nanostructured surfaces

coated-nanomeshManganese oxides have numerous applications in batteries, supercapacitors, microelectronics and (electro)catalysis. Researchers describe a cheap and fast method for depositing conformal thin films of manganese oxide on nanostructured substrates with close-to-a-monolayer precision, competing with the state-of-the-art atomic layer deposition (ALD). The team's redox layer deposition (RLD) is performed in air, at room temperature,...

Aug 13, 2019

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Moisture-powered, multifunctional flexible sensing systems

moisture-powered-sensorResearchers demonstrate the feasibility of an environmental moisture-induced, self-powered wearable multifunctional sensing system with the ability to detect both humidity and pressure. The self-powered wearable sensing system is fabricated by integrating a flexible micropatterned pressure-sensitive film on PET as the pressure sensor and attached it onto the back of a PDA power generator. Test results prove that this moisture-powered...

Aug 12, 2019

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Polymer encapsulation shields perovskite nanocrystals from degradation

perovskite-nanocrystal-encapsulationDue to their fascinating optoelectronic properties, halide perovskites have attracted tremendous research interest as promising materials for photovoltaics, photodetectors, LEDs, and lasers. Researchers report report a strategy to synthesize perovskite nanocrystals using diblock copolymer micelles as a growth template. This work constitutes a new approach for synthesizing perovskite nanocrystals of controllable size and composition...

Aug 07, 2019

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3D-printing customized MXene architectures

3Dprinted-MXeneMXenes are a promising class of 2D materials with unique intrinsic physical and chemical properties, including excellent conductivity, hydrophilicity and high density when compared to graphene. 3D-printed architectures composed of MXenes are particularly attractive for energy storage applications such as rechargeable lithium- and sodium-ion batteries, lithium-sulfur batteries and supercapacitors. Researchers now have demonstrated...

Aug 06, 2019

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How to turn every piece of clothing into an e-textile

e-textileResearchers have fabricated textiles that can protect you from rain, stains, and bacteria, while they harvest the biomechanical energy of the user to power textile-based electronics. These omniphobic triboelectric nanogenerators can be incorporated into any fiber-based textile and be used to power wearable devices using energy harvested from human motion. The team also designed their nanogenerators with large-scale fabrication...

Jul 31, 2019

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Jellyfish-based nanofiber/nanoparticle wound dressing

jellyfishResearchers demonstrate the ease of use of jellyfish biomass as a biodegradable and biocompatible raw material for producing antibacterial mats. They report the successful electrospun-based preparation of novel composite biocompatible nanofibers based on jellyfish biomass. The antibacterial properties of the resulting nanofiber mats were enhanced by incorporating silver nanoparticles within applying an in situ bio-template...

Jul 30, 2019

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Advanced optoelectronics with graphene-based mixed-dimensional van der Waals heterostructures

graphene-heterostructureAmong 2D materials, graphene is considered as one of the important components in many van der Waals (vdWs) heterostructure assemblies due to its high carrier mobility, good environmental stability, tunable work function, and mature processing technique. Besides the contact between different 2D atomic layers, the passivated, dangling-bond-free surfaces of 2D crystals can bond together with other dimensional materials through...

Jul 29, 2019

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Microwave dynamic therapy as a novel, effective cancer treatment

supernanoparticleResearchers have for the first time proposed a novel tumor treatment strategy for microwave dynamic therapy to effectively treat cancers. This technique can promote the efficacy of dynamic treatment of deep tumors in clinical research and could have a broad range of applications. The team found that liquid metal supernanoparticles can generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) under microwave irradiation. That makes them suitable...

Jul 25, 2019

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