|Posted: Feb 21, 2017|
Waste silicon sawdust recycled into anode for lithium-ion battery(Nanowerk News) Researchers have created a high performance anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) using waste silicon (Si) sawdust (Scientific Reports, "Beads-Milling of Waste Si Sawdust into High-Performance Nanoflakes for Lithium-Ion Batteries").
|This is a production process from silicon sawdust to lithium battery anode. (Image: Hirotomo Nishihara)|
|It is energy-consuming and expensive to produce Si wafers with high purity (> 99.99%). On top of that, some 50% of Si is actually discarded as industrial waste in the final cutting process. This waste is about 90 thousand tons a year worldwide, an amount large enough to meet the global demands for anode materials for LIBs.|
|To make this happen, under the project of "Dynamic Alliance for Open Innovation Bridging Human, Environment and Materials," a joint research team from Tohoku University and Osaka University has developed a practical and mass-producible method of recycling the unwanted Si sawdust into a high-performance anode material for LIBs.|
|The team found that the pulverization of the Si sawdust into Si nanoflakes (~16 nm in thickness) and the subsequent carbon coating are effective in fabricating high capacity and durable LIBs. So far, a test half-cell has achieved a constant capacity of 1200 mAh/g over 800 cycles. This capacity is 3.3 times as large as that of conventional graphite (ca. 360 mAh/g).|
|The proposed method of material recycling is applicable for the mass production of high-performance LIB anode materials at a reasonably low cost. The research team expects that it will have great practical use in the battery industry.|
|Source: Tohoku University|
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