|Mar 05, 2020|
Exploiting the photovoltaic effect in 2D hybrid perovskites(Nanowerk News) Polarized light detection plays an important role in remote sensing, near-field imaging, communication, and high resolution detectors. However, it remains a great challenge to achieve highly polarization-sensitive photodetection with large polarization ratio base on traditional semiconducting materials due to the limitation of material/device structural anisotropy.
|Ferroelectric materials, characterized by switchable electric polarization, inherently feature a highly light-polarization dependent photoresponse (known as bulk photovoltaic effect, BPVE), presenting as promising alternatives in this portfolio.|
|In a study published in Angewandte Chemie ("Exploiting the Bulk Photovoltaic Effect in a 2D Trilayered Hybrid Ferroelectric for Highly Sensitive Polarized Light Detection"), a research group led by Prof. LUO Junhua from Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences demonstrated a BPVE-driven highly efficient polarized light detection based on a two-dimensional (2D) trilayered hybrid perovskite ferroelectric.|
|Schematic illustration of the strategy. (Image by Prof. LUO’s group)|
|The researchers found that a polar 2D trilayered perovskite architecture was adopted with a distinct spontaneous polarization of ∼2.8 µC/cm2 and a suitable optical bandgap of ∼2.71 eV. Superior BPVE was shown with a near-bandgap photovoltage of ~ 2.5 V and a high on/off switching ratio of current (∼104).|
|This angle-dependent photoresponse is ascribed to the inherent light-polarization dependence of superior BPVE, which arises from the optical rectification effect of ferroelectrics upon light irradiation, distinguishing from that of all the known polarized light detectors.|
|Besides, a polarization ratio was exhibited as high as ∼15, which is far more beyond than those of reported devices based on nanowires and anisotropic 2D materials.|
|This BPVE-driven polarized light detection is unprecedented, which opens up a new way towards highly efficient polarized light detection by leveraging the light-polarization dependence of the BPVE in 2D multilayered hybrid perovskites.|
|Source: Chinese Academy of Sciences|
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