New molecule chip changing the face of modern manufacturing

(Nanowerk News) University of Queensland researchers have pioneered a new chemical process to manufacture the molecules that are the building blocks for lifesaving medicines, vaccines and energy storage materials.
Professor Matt Trau from UQ’s Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN) has been awarded an ARC Laureate Fellowship worth $2.9 million to further understand and develop the process.
“We have been able to accelerate and control chemical reactions on a tiny nano-scaled chip,” Professor Trau said.
“This could enable on-demand, miniaturised, remote manufacturing in a much more economical and environmentally friendly way.
“Much like 3D printing has disrupted manufacturing on a larger scale, this could change modern manufacturing on the molecular scale.”
chip
An image of the chip. (Image: University of Queensland)
Professor Trau and his team at AIBN have invented a unique way to synthesise molecules on a tiny electronically controlled chip, or silicon wafer.
“This nanotechnology platform can accelerate chemical reactions in ways not possible in conventional large-scale factories,” he said.
Professor Trau said the technology could be applied to the production of life-saving products.
“The more research we undertake to understand exactly what’s happening to these molecules at the nanoscale, we see more and more applications for entirely new ways to manufacture products such as medicines, vaccines and energy storage materials,” he said.
The project builds upon Professor Trau’s previous research into nano-scaled chips.
“This was a left-field spin-off from research (Nature Communications, "A digital single-molecule nanopillar SERS platform for predicting and monitoring immune toxicities in immunotherapy") where we used nano-scaled chips to detect rare molecules in blood, to diagnose cancer and dysregulated aspects of the immune system,” he said.
“I’m proud that our research team committed so strongly to what was originally an extremely risky blue-sky idea.
“It has now come to fruition and could potentially contribute to local and global manufacturing of essential molecules."
Source: University of Queensland
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