Source: Federal Environment Agency Germany – Publication date: July 2012
The Nano-Sustainability Check provides an instrument offering a systematic grid for an integrated approach relative to sustainability aspects of nanotechnological applications. The approach chosen allows the Nano-Sustainability Check to serve as a strategic radar system for the management of opportunities and threats, in order to be able, for example, to anticipate beneficial effects for the environment and to identify new markets on the one hand, and on the other to strive to avoid bad investments and dangers to the society.
Source: Hessian Ministry of Economy, Transport, Urban and Regional Development – Publication date: August 2008
Nanotechnology applications could provide decisive technological breakthroughs in the energy sector and have a considerable impact on creating the sustainable energy supply that is required to make the transition from fossil fuels. Possibilities range from gradual short- and medium-term improvements for a more efficient use of conventional and renewable energy sources all the way to completely new long-term approaches for energy recovery and utilization.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – Publication date: January 2007
EPA has published a state-of-the-science report that examines scientists' understanding of plant-based alternatives to petroleum for materials and energy. The report looks at the progress made towards using plants and plant oils for plastics and fuels as well as the challenges for using these alternatives on scales large enough to meet society's needs and still protect the environment. The report addresses the use of nanotechnology, in particular nanomaterials and nanofiltration systems.
Source: UK Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) – Publication date: May 2007
Defra has also commissioned research into the the policy implications of nanotechnologies that will benefit the environment. The report of the study Environmentally beneficial nanotechnologies: barriers and opportunities investigates the opportunities and potential obstacles to adoption of a number applications of nanotechnology which could be used to cut use of non-renewable energy sources and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This report explores the application of nanoscience in the areas of insulation, photovoltaics, electricity storage, engine efficiency and the hydrogen economy.
Source: Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies – Publication date: April 2007
The ability to eliminate waste and toxins from production processes early on, to create more efficient and flexible solar panels, and to remove contaminants from water is becoming an exciting reality with nanotechnology. This "green nanotechnology" involves designing nanoproducts for the environment and with the environment in mind. This report highlights the research breakthroughs, industry perspectives, and policy options.
Source: United Nations University - Institute of Advanced Studies – Publication date: November 2008
This report offers three innovative solutions in responding to climate change, namely nanotechnology, ocean energy and forestry. It goes beyond the technological, biological and procedural aspects of these solutions by critically assessing the opportunities and challenges that each type of innovation presents. This report addresses the question why these innovations - despite their large potential to reduce emissions, ocean energy alone could cover the world's electricity needs - have not yet reached the stage of mass commercialization.
The "Nano and the Environment" workshop was organized to reflect upon and discuss ways in which nanotechnology could be used for the benefit of the environment, while at the same time remaining fully cognisant of the risks associated with any new technology.
Source: International Electrotechnical Commission – Publication date: February 2014
A study from the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI has found that nanotechnology will bring significant benefits to the energy sector, especially to energy storage and solar energy. Improved materials efficiency and reduced manufacturing costs are just two of the real economic benefits that nanotechnology already brings these fields and that?s only the beginning. Battery storage capacity could be extended, solar cells could be produced cheaper, and the lifetime of solar cells or batteries for electric cars could be increased, all thanks to continued development of nanotechnology.
Source: Meridian Institute – Publication date: June 2006
This paper explore the scale and significance of water and sanitation problems in developing countries, the broad array of challenges associated with improving access to water, and the possible opportunities and risks of using nanotechnology to address these challenges.