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Posted: Jul 23, 2014
Thumbling from a 3D printer protect joints
(Nanowerk News) In automotive manufacturing the thumb is exposed to more strain than any other finger. Day in, day out it must bear great loads – literally. Christin Hölzel, a doctoral candidate at the Chair of Ergonomics of the Technische Universität München (TUM) had an idea: A support for the thumb that reduces strain on the joints. Assembly line workers at the BMW Group’s Munich plant gave their "thumbs up" for this invention, which is being deployed there in a pilot project.
Thumbs do four times the work of the other fingers during manual production. A good example is automotive assembly. Here, plug seals made of rubber are pressed into the floor pan with great force. They are used, among other things, to close drain holes for chassis paint.
Thumbling from a 3D printer protect joints. (Photo: BMW Group)
Pressing in the plugs can lead to an over extension of the thumb joint. Prof. Veit Senner at the Department of Sports Equipment and Sports Materials at the Chair of Ergonomics explains: "Imagine the way a thumbnail is pressed into a wall with great force. The thumb bends in a backwards arch and the joints are overextended." Of course, pressing in a single thumbnail is no cause for concern – but the workers at the BMW Group production line in Munich repeat this motion hundreds of times. "Over time, this can harm the joint," says Senner.
Exoskeleton protects thumb joint
In the context of her dissertation at the Chair of Ergonomics, Christin Hölzel is working at the BMW Group to investigate the question of how to reduce the strain induced by these kinds of work processes. She has developed a flexible, synthetic exoskeleton for the thumb to prevent overextension of the thumb joint.
The aid may not obstruct other work processes if it is to be accepted by the workers. The assembly aid is thus open at the thumb joints, allowing the thumb to move freely. On the inside, by contrast, the synthetic material is built up in a thick layer. When the thumb is extended, reinforced elements make contact with each other and act a strong splint. The force applied to press in the plug is thus distributed along the entire thumb, all the way to the carpus.
Automobile workers use the thumbling during their work.
Custom-tailored assembly aids out of a 3D printer
Since no thumb is like another, the so-called orthoses are individually adapted. The anatomy of the hand is scanned and the assembly aid then printed on a 3D printer. Assembly workers at the BMW Group plant in Munich have already tested the orthoses – the feedback was positive.
In the near future, Hölzel will use a computer model and simulation to determine the degree to which the assembly aid reduces the load on the thumb joint. The engineer also wants to investigate if the aid does not induce additional strain on other joints.